Functional Fluency Model

  1. The Functional Fluency Model

    This shows the three categories, the five elements and the nine modes all together as a reminder of the construction of the model.

  2. The Functional Fluency Modes in Action

    This gives a summary of both the model and the nature of the nine modes by illustrating each with a word picture.

  3. Functional Fluency Model: descriptions of the nine behavioural modes

    In this diagram there are some words to describe each of the nine modes.

Functional Fluency in Leadership & Management

  1. "Oxford Brookes University Leadership Programme uses TIFF"

    Valerie Fawcett - 2016

    A case study describing the use of Functional Fluency and TIFF as part of a leadership programme for managers at Oxford Brookes University.

  2. "The Functionally Fluent Organisation - an Update"

    Terry Wright - 2016

    Management and leadership theory and practice have evolved over the last hundred years to the point where we may be on the brink of a new era of the truly Functionally Fluent organisation.

  3. "More news from Dutch IT company Oelan about their staff development"

    Iluska Adriaansens and Richard Hamaker - 2015

    This article charts the personal development process of IT consultants' maturity and leadership with the help of Functional Fluency.

  4. "Personal and Professional Development Belong Together Here"

    Iluska Adriaansens - 2013

    This article tells the story of how OELAN, an IT consultancy company in Holland is putting Functional Fluency and TIFF to use.

  5. "The Functionally Fluent Organisation?"

    Terry Wright - 2013

    This article suggests that, by encouraging managers and staff in organisations to adopt functionally fluent behaviours that produce positive outcomes, the present mismatch between theory and practice can be bridged.

  6. "Using Psychometric Assessment to Promote Effective Management and Inform Professional Development"

    Jane Hicks and Susannah Temple - 2009

    An article evaluating the use of TIFF as part of the SMART Women Project in Cornwall 2007 – 2008. The project aimed to assist over 200 self employment women or those working in management, to become more effective in their roles. Results gave evidence of how TIFF enhanced their self-esteem, objectivity, empathy and courage in both their personal and professional lives.

  7. “TIFF and Leadership”

    Susannah Temple - 2004

    Adapted version of a conference paper given at the Institute of Developmental Transactional Analysis (IDTA) Annual Conference Birmingham September 2004. This paper outlines the Functional Fluency model and shows how it relates to leadership training and development.

Functional Fluency in Coaching & Mentoring

  1. A Coaching Style of Management - How it Makes a Difference

    Terry Wright - 2010

    This is a summary of a LinkedIn Discussion Forum, as explained in Terry's introduction.

  2. "Mentors, Coaches and the Empowerment Factor – why Functional Fluency is important"

    Susannah Temple - 2009

  3. “Building Self-Awareness”

    Susannah Temple - 2004

    Susannah Temple. Antidote’s Emotional Literacy Update February 2004 Issue 4. This is a short outline of the use of the Functional Fluency model for enhancing emotional literacy.

Functional Fluency and Transactional Analysis

  1. The Structural Sources Diagram

    This outline shows how the Functional Fluency model can be used as a behavioural diagnosis for any category of ego state – Parent, Adult or Child.

  2. Transactional Analysis Philosophy, Principles and Practice

    This table shows the congruence between TA’s philosophy, its principles and its practice that is ideally demonstrated by TA practitioners. It is this coherence and consistency that contributes so powerfully to the efficacy of TA methodology.

  3. The Functional Fluency Combination Diagram

    This shows the Functional Fluency model superimposed on a structural diagram of ego states, using the Integrating Adult Model of ego states with contaminations depicted

  4. "Re-enact - or - react - or - respond? That is the question!"

    Using the Integrating Adult model of ego states, this diagram shows how the Functional Fluency model depicts the options for Adult social behaviour. Functional Fluency is a model of human social behaviour separate from the ego state model, but with close conceptual links. It enables clear separation of ego state structure and function. NB a black & white version of the diagram is available here

  5. "Celebrating Functional Fluency and its Contribution to Transactional Analysis"

    Susannah Temple - 2015

    Sage Publications have kindly granted us permission to post an e-access link to this article, which resides on the TA Journal's web site. This article was published in the January 2015 issue of the Transactional Analysis Journal Vol. 45, No. 1. Susannah wrote the article to acknowledge being granted the 2014 Eric Berne Memorial Award by the International Association of Transactional Analysis for her "Functional Fluency Model of Human Social Behaviour as the Basis for Behavioural Diagnosis of any Class of Ego State". As well as a celebration, the article offers a description and explanation of the Functional Fluency model and the Temple Index of Functional Fluency (TIFF), the personal development tool that is based on the model, with a case example to illustrate both.

  6. "The Functional Fluency Model has Come of Age"

    Susannah Temple - 2009

    This article gives an updated introduction to the original piece entitled "Action on the Functional Model", published in 2003 in the Newsletter of the European Association of Transactional Analysis (EATA). The article was, and is, a declaration of the reason and purpose for the creation of the Functional Fluency Model.

  7. “Das Functional-Fluency-Modell in der Pädagogik – der neueste Stand”

    Susannah Temple - 2007

    This is a translation of the 2004 TA Journal article – see number 2 above for details. It is a version of that published in the Zeitschrift für Transaktionsanalyse 1/2007 by Junfermann Verlag, Imadstrasse 40, D-33102, Paderborn, Germany. It has been amended here for the sake of consistency of terminology.

  8. “The Graphics of Ego States”

    Servaas van Beekum - 1996

    Conference Reader for the Advanced Working Conference designated by the ITAA, March 14-16 1996 in Amsterdam, Netherlands. This paper points the way towards the development of a separate model of ego state functioning. It is especially important because it introduces the idea of visual differentiation in the diagrams for structure and function of ego states.

  9. “Update on the Functional Fluency Model in Education”

    Susannah Temple - 2004

    Susannah Temple. Transactional Analysis Journal Vol. 34, No. 3, July 2004. This article gives the rationale for the development and use of the functional fluency model. It elaborates the theme of the European Association for Transactional Analysis Newsletter articles by Ian Stewart, October 2002 (Issue No. 75) and Susannah Temple, February 2003 (Issue No. 76) concerning the ongoing difficulties with the traditional ‘Functional Model of Ego States’. This article emphasises the educational potential of the Functional Fluency model for the psycho/social development of both children and adults.

  10. “Functional Fluency for Educational Transactional Analysts”

    Susannah Temple - 2002

    Susannah Temple This is an updated text (2002) of the original 1999 Transactional Analysis Journal article, TAJ Vol. 29, No. 3. Susannah updated the text in preparation for the German translation published in Zeitschrift für Transakionsanalyse 4/2002 Journal of the German Association for Transactional Analysis (DGTA). The original text showed the stacked circle diagrams and PAC terminology in use at the start of the research project to develop the Temple Index of Functional Fluency. One of the discoveries of the project was that it is vital to differentiate between ego state models and the Functional Fluency model, hence this updated version with revised diagrams and terminology.

Functional Fluency and Research

  1. Abstract

    University of Plymouth 2002 - of the Doctoral Thesis "Development of a Transactional Analysis Psychometric Tool for Enhancing Functional Fluency

    Please note: to request access to the full thesis, contact Susannah Temple.

  2. "Mastering 'the Tolstoy Effect' - a research exercise in linguistic philosophy"

    Susannah Temple - 2012

    This paper was presented at the European Research Conference November 2012 at Luton, UK., and is now to be seen on the EATA web site.

  3. "Lifecycle of a Research Project: TIFF - ten years on"

    Susannah Temple - 2012

    Article first published by The Transactional Analyst Autumn 2012, magazine of the Institute for Transactional Analysis in the UK. An account of the process of finding out how to make the benefits of Functional Fluency available widely to people.

Functional Fluency in Parenting and Education

  1. "Transactional Analysis and the Ludic Third (TALT): A Model of Functional Fluency Reflective Play Practice"

    Pete King and Susannah Temple - 2015

    This article, published in July 2018 in the TA Journal tells the academic story of how and why well-informed reflective practice is so vital in playwork with young children. TALT is a new model that combines concepts from TA (Integrating Adult and Functional Fluency) and the ‘Ludic Third’ to illuminate the processes of effective playwork that supports both natural psycho-social development and healthy recovery from trauma.

  2. "Evaluation of the Use of TIFF with SUsie Project Beneficiaries"

    Jane Hicks - 2010

    A study of over 30 TIFF profiles completed by women survivors of domestic violence/abuse being supported in their recovery through the SUsie Project in Cornwall.

  3. "Bringing Up the Child:The Importance of Functionally Fluent Parents, Carers & Educators"

    Susannah Temple - 2008

    This is Chapter 17 of the book "The adult is parent to the child: transactional analysis with children and young people", edited by Keith Tudor and published by Russel House Publishing, who have kindly granted permission for the inclusion of Chapter 17 on this web site. This chapter gives an in-depth account of how the Functional Fluency model can be used to illustrate and illuminate the interplay between patterns of upbringing and ways of growing up.

  4. “Teachers are Young People's Leaders”

    Susannah Temple - 2005

    Antidote's Emotional Literacy Update September 2005 Issue 20. This article makes clear links between Functional Fluency, emotional literacy and classroom leadership. It outlines how teachers can develop in positive ways the leadership role that they play with young people.